Unlike “open” surgery, where a relatively large incision is performed causing significant tissue damage, Arthroscopic surgery is a minimal-intrusive surgical intervention, and is intended for diagnosing and treating injured joints (knee, hip joint, ankle). The term Arthroscopy originates from Ancient Greek, where the word “Arthro” means joint, and the word “Scopein” means to look.
Typically, post anesthesia, Dr. Suzanna Horovitz performs a small incision of only a few millimeters. Through this incision, a fiber-optic camera , roughly the diameter and length of a drinking straw, is inserted into the injured area. This tiny camera is made of small lenses and a fiber-optic lighting system, which lights up and enlarges the display of the injured area on the joint being treated.
The output picture is enlarged and displayed on a television screen , allowing Dr. Suzanna Horovitz to see, on the screen, the full image of the injured joint , including the smallest details of the joint injury, and all this, while minimizing the contact and damage to the tissue surrounding the joint, or damage to tissues within the joint.
Due to these important advantages, the Arthroscopic technique was initially used throughout the world as a tool for diagnosing injuries, and as a more precise tool for planning open surgery to the injured joint. However, enormous investments in research and development budgets throughout the world allowed this medical technology to keep moving forward in giant steps, and today it allows surgeons to treat many types of injuries and conditions using the Arthroscopic technique, instead of open surgery where a large incision is made to the skin and tissue surrounding the injured joint.
The Arthroscopic treatment is performed on the injury through an additional similar small incision, through which small surgical tools may be inserted, which, along with the image of the joint projected on the television screen, allow for treating and healing additional injuries to the joint without the need for an open surgery, and usually without the need for any additional incisions.
The Arthroscopic surgery is performed along with pressure washing the joint, using a physiological liquid, which causes the joint area to “swell” allowing the surgeon freedom of maneuverability in using the tiny camera and the gentle surgical instruments inserted into the injured area. That is why the small incisions to the skin are normally not stitched: to allow the physiological liquid to release from the sub-dermal tissue and to flow out of the body during the first few post-surgery days.
Due to the clear advantages of Arthroscopic surgery, these types of surgeries are performed with no overnight hospitalization, when after recovering from anesthesia it is allowed - and even recommended - to immediately use the injured joint, and several hours later the patient is released home.
Usually, after no more than several days of recovery, the patients return to their active life, while Dr. Suzanna Horovitz performs medical check-ups and follow-ups, which in some cases include a rehabilitation program, tailored to the nature of the injury and the patient’s information.